THE COMENDA PALACE
The Comenda Palace, Serra da Arrábida National Park, Setubal Portugal
Deep within the luscious forests of the Parque Natural da Arrábida stand the remnants of a mansion with a surprising history of secrets. Abandoned to degradation and graffiti, Palácio da Comenda was once known as one of the most regal palaces on the European coast, having hosted Portuguese royalty, French aristocracy, and the First Family of the U.S.
True Palace in a property inserted in the Serra da Arrábida Natural Park, with an area of over 600 ha with the Sado River meandering at the border of this property. The origin of the Palace dates back to the eighteenth century. It was once a residence of the highest European royalty due to its beauty and exceptional location and surroundings. In 1848 it was sold by D. Maria, Queen of Portugal. Rebuilt at the beginning of the century. XX, already in the period of new state, designed by architect Raul Lino deep humanist and in solidarity with a more complete universe, considered by many the most remarkable Portuguese architect of the century. XX. The Palace was owned by the Counts D`Armand, Kennedy's personal friends. At the time of the assassination of US President J.F.K. widow Jacqueline Kennedy gathered with her children here at the palace with her friends. The 5-floor, 26-room Palace is potentially geared towards a world-class hotel project.
Construction on this site dates back to the Roman period with a fish salting industrial complex, as well as a medieval watchtower that gave rise to the S. João da Ajuda platform. It's about this platform bastion that is built the first house of Quinta da Commendation, still existing when purchasing the property by Count Abel Henri Armand, in 1872.
It is estimated that the house originates from the eighteenth century and was the residence of the highest European royalty, derived not only from its location, but also from the natural characteristics of the surrounding space. It is in March 1872 that the Fifth that had formed the Commendation of Mouguelas, owned by the Order of Santiago, belongs to the then Minister of France in Portugal, Count Armand.
The Count and the Architect
In 1903, Count Armand invites Raul Lino, one of the most prestigious Portuguese architects of all time, to design his house. Legend has it that he asked the architect, before starting his creative process, to sleep one moonlit night absorbing the spirit and energy of the place. The result was the Comenda Palace, whose design collaborates with the landscape, creating an unparalleled synergy with the lush landscape.
The palace is built on a small promontory overlooking the Sado River, near the town of Bocage. In this promontory there was the old house, whose walls were raised over the walls of the old fort, being used in the new construction. Very generous sized balconies open onto the river. 1st floor and ground floor plants Building of simple lines, national channel-shaped tile, together with the materials and construction techniques used, make this property one of the best forms of traditional Portuguese architectural expression.
An aristocratic place of choice This house was designed for a summer, where the Count took refuge from the hustle and bustle of Paris. Usually, the Armand family yielded this house to distinguished personalities of the European aristocratic circle. Quinta da Comenda has an enviable situation, being on one of the best Mediterranean coasts, comparable with Sardinia or Côte d "Azur, but with a unique tranquility.
WHO WAS RAUL LINO?
Raul Lino da Silva, better known as Raul Lino (Lisbon, 21 November 1879 - 13 July 1974) was a Portuguese architect, designer, architectural theorist, and writer. Lino's architectural theses and studies revolved around the theory of the Casa Portuguesa (Portuguese: Portuguese house), an idealized concept of Portuguese residential architecture, planning, and lifestyle.
The cities of Cascais and Sintra, along the Portuguese Riviera, boast the largest concentration of Lino's constructions out of anywhere. Lino played an active part in the cosmopolitanization of Cascais as a summer resort for the wealthy and notable and in the continuation of Sintra as a historicist, romanticist haven.
Raul Lino da Silva was born in Lisbon, Portugal, on 21 November 1879, to a well-off construction materials merchant. His family's financial standing allowed Lino to leave Portugal, in 1890, to study in Windsor, England, for three years. Following his studies in Britain, Lino moved to Germany, where he would study under and eventually work in the atelier of German revivalist architect, Albrecht Haupt, until 1897, when Lino returned to Portugal to finish his degree in architecture.
The Quinta da Comenda, in Setúbal, was built by Lino for the Count of Armand in 1903.
After returning to Portugal and finishing his studies in architecture, Lino began to work in his father's construction materials business, in 1897. During this time, Lino began his travels across Portugal and his studies of the regionalisms in architecture and style, paying particular note initially to the Alentejo region.
He was a founding member of the National Academy of Fine Arts and served as its secretary in 1946.
A Casa Portuguesa
Lino also wrote many books and texts about the theory of the architecture of the Portuguese house, such as A Casa Portuguesa - The Portuguese House (1929), Casas Portuguesas - Portuguese Houses (1933) and L'Evolution de l'Architecture Domestique au Portugal - The Evolution of Domestic Architecture in Portugal (1937).
Some of his most important projects were:
House in Castilho street, 64 and 66 (Valmor Award 1930), Lisbon
Casa dos Patudos, Alpiarça
Tivoli Theatre, Lisbon
João de Deus Museum and Kindergarten, Lisbon
Gardénia Shop, Lisbon
Montsalvat House, Estoril
Silva Gomes House, Estoril
House of Quinta da Comenda, Arrábida
Casa do Cipreste, Sintra
Casa dos Penedos, Sintra
Casa Branca, Azenhas do Mar
Casa Branca, Oeiras